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history of auditing

The evolution of auditing is a complicated history that has always been changing through historical events. Auditing always changed to meet the needs of the business environment of that day. Auditing has been around since the beginning of human civilization, focusing mainly, at first, on finding fraud. As the United States grew, the business world grew, and auditing began to play more important roles. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, people began to invest money into large corporations. The Stock Market crash of 1929 and various scandals made auditors realize that their roles in society were very important. Scandals and stock market crashes made auditors aware of deficiencies in auditing, and the auditing community was always quick to fix those deficiencies. The auditors’ job became more difficult as the accounting principles changed, and became easier with the use of internal controls. These controls introduced the need for testing; not an in-depth detailed audit. Auditing jobs would have to change to meet the changing business world. The invention of computers impacted the auditors’ world by making their job at times easier and at times making their job more difficult. Finally, the auditors’ job of certifying and testing companies’ financial statements is the backbone of the business world.




Introduction
Auditing has been the backbone of the complicated business world and has always changed with the times. As the business world grew strong, auditors’ roles grew more important. The auditors’ job became more difficult as the accounting principles changed. It also became easier with the use of internal controls, which introduced the need for testing, not a complete audit. Scandals and stock market crashes made auditors aware of deficiencies in auditing, and the auditing community was always quick to fix those deficiencies. Computers played an important role of changing the w...

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Bibliography:
References Lee, T. A., The Evolution of Audit Thought and Practice(New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1988), p. 3, 5, 6 Staub, Walter A., Auditing Developments During the Present Century(Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1942), p.15, 17, 26, 29 Carmichael, D.R. & Willingham, John J., Perspectives in Auditing(New York: McGraw- Hill Book Company, 1979), p.8, 10, 55 Pinkney, A., An Audit Approach to Computers(London: The Institute of Chartered Accountants Press, 1966), p.11 McRae, T. W., The Impact of Computers on Accounting(New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1964), p.38, 50, 182 Needleman, T., Micro-Computers for Accountants(New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1983), p.3, 7


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