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Professional athletes and Drug use penalties

English II
May 8, 1999

Professional Athletes and Drug Use (Penalties)

This research paper is about athletes and their use of drugs. The drug that is most

frequently used by athletes is alcohol. Most athletes who use drugs do not get the

punishment that they deserve instead they receive punishment that is too lenient. The

penalties for professional athletes who use drugs are too lenient, they should be more


Examples of drugs that are used by most athletes are the following: Anabolic

Steroids, Dietary supplements, Blood Doping, Stimulants, Narcotics and Corticosteroids,

and Alcohol. Anabolic steroids are used illegally by athletes, to increase muscle mass

and strength. Anabolic steroids are also called Androgenic-anabolic steroids. They get

their name from the Greek words "Andro" and "Gennan" which mean male producing,

and "Anabold" which means to build up. Anabolic steroids are chemically similar to the

male hormone testosterone. The testis, a male sex organ, produces this hormone.

Anabolic steroids are usually injected into the testis when taken or ingested in tablets.

Athletes who abuse Anabolic steroids exceed the natural level of testosterone. Dietary

Athletes to replace or increase chemical or vitamins in the body use supplements.

Androstenedione is a hormone pre-cursor that increases testosterone in the blood,

which increases muscle mass, strength, and power. Blood

doping is when extra blood is injected into a person's veins to increase red blood cells and

oxygen. Endurance athletes, who need as much oxygen as, mostly use this drug.

For example marathon runners, tri-athletes, and decathlon participators.

Stimulants are drugs that are taken to speed up the central nervous system. The most

Frequently used stimulant today is marijuana; most athletes are usually caught in

possession of this drug. Alcohol is a depr...

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Bibliography "Marijuana Problems Summarized" Internet Chicago Tribune, "Steelers' Morris Indicted on Drug Charges," March 27,1996 Associated Press, "Cowboys' Irvin Is Indicted, "Kansas City Star, April 2, 1996 Galas, Judith Drugs and Sports San Diego: Lucent Books 1997 Roan, Shari " Supplements Gaining Muscle" Los Angeles Times April 12, 1999 Shapiro, Harry Facts on Drugs and Sport New York: Franklin Watts 1989 "Where Athletics Fits In The National Drug Control Strategy" Internet "Drug Problems In Sports" Video "Athletes and Steroids "Mayo Clinic Health Letter V. 1, no.9-September '94 Internet Dolan, Edward F. Jr. Drugs In Sports United States: Franklin Watts, 1986

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