May 8, 1999
Professional Athletes and Drug Use (Penalties)
This research paper is about athletes and their use of drugs. The drug that is most
frequently used by athletes is alcohol. Most athletes who use drugs do not get the
punishment that they deserve instead they receive punishment that is too lenient. The
penalties for professional athletes who use drugs are too lenient, they should be more
Examples of drugs that are used by most athletes are the following: Anabolic
Steroids, Dietary supplements, Blood Doping, Stimulants, Narcotics and Corticosteroids,
and Alcohol. Anabolic steroids are used illegally by athletes, to increase muscle mass
and strength. Anabolic steroids are also called Androgenic-anabolic steroids. They get
their name from the Greek words "Andro" and "Gennan" which mean male producing,
and "Anabold" which means to build up. Anabolic steroids are chemically similar to the
male hormone testosterone. The testis, a male sex organ, produces this hormone.
Anabolic steroids are usually injected into the testis when taken or ingested in tablets.
Athletes who abuse Anabolic steroids exceed the natural level of testosterone. Dietary
Athletes to replace or increase chemical or vitamins in the body use supplements.
Androstenedione is a hormone pre-cursor that increases testosterone in the blood,
which increases muscle mass, strength, and power. Blood
doping is when extra blood is injected into a person's veins to increase red blood cells and
oxygen. Endurance athletes, who need as much oxygen as, mostly use this drug.
For example marathon runners, tri-athletes, and decathlon participators.
Stimulants are drugs that are taken to speed up the central nervous system. The most
Frequently used stimulant today is marijuana; most athletes are usually caught in
possession of this drug. Alcohol is a depr...
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