Salman Rushdie, addresses the issue of literature and its vital role in the success of mankind. He uses many different reasons to persuade the reader that the art of literature, mediates between the material and spiritual worlds; thus, rising it's prominence to holy literature or rather above it. He states that literature is the least compromised and thus the finest form of art. Literature allows us to deal with debates of society free of any restrictions or regulation. He also believes that literature enables us to question and inquire, allowing us to rise above and beyond the boundaries of the material and physical being. Based on these points Rushdie is able to state that literature allows us to mediate between the sacred and the secular worlds and argues that it plays a great role in our world
Rushdie believes that the art of literature is greater to all other forms of art. He says that "…literature is the art least subject to external control, because it is made in private. The act of making it requires only one person, one pen, one room, some paper…" (p. 12). In this quote he is trying to convince us that literature is ultimately the most superior form of art by proclaiming that this form is least compromised. This art requires only few resources and has minimum financial cost; a writing utensil and paper are all that's need to produce an effective piece of literature. Rushdie feels that this art is free of any external control because it's an expression of one's personal views and thoughts. In literature unique ideas and views are of greater interest than those which relate to the views general population. Unique pieces of literature allow us to open hidden doors in our minds and see the world from different perspective then our own.
Many issues concerning society can be permanently resolved through literature because literature is obstinate. Unlike religious teachings, literature does not enforce unitary structure; it allows free arguments and enables a person to accept various points of views. This method collects many different ideas and allows a person to decide which idea they find most accepting. Unlike religious teachings, literature does not provide a higher status to one believe then the other. Literature calls to our minds and imagination. By removing literature you remove the freedom and you are mind is locked up and your progress to succeed will be greatly hindered.
Finally, literature provides us with an opportunity to question and deeply look into the things we believe. Rushdie states, "It is for art to capture that experience, to offer it to, in the case of literature, its reader; to be, for a secular, materialistic culture, some sort of replacement for what love of god offers in the world of faith" (p. 8). In a sense, this provides voices to the moments of transcendence. It also teaches us who we really are instead of telling us who we should be. It offers us maps of our inner-selves. It eliminates rules, and provides one with on opportunity to regulate their own diet on the never journey to acquire the truth.
To Rushdie, literature is the highest form of art and is a far more influential then religion. It presents us with an open and free space for discussion and aids us in transcending past the imprisonment represented to us by the sacred and secular worlds. It operates as a mediator between the material and spiritual worlds.
Rushdie is convinced that the art of literature is the highest form of art, is a necessity in the improvement and progression of our society as a whole. It permits individuals to debate, fully and freely their personal views. It eliminates all the obstacles that restrain secular transcendence. Thereby, literature can evidently be acknowledged as the third principle which mediates between the material and spiritual worlds.
Rushdie, Salman. Is Nothing Sacred? 1994.