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Tale of Two Cities

"Social Criticism in Literature, As Found in George Orwell's Animal Farm and Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities." Many authors receive their inspiration for writing their literature from outside sources. The idea for a story could come from family,personal experiences, history, or even their own creativity. For authors that choose to writea book based on historical events, the inspiration might come from their particularviewpoint on the event that they want to dramatize. George Orwell and Charles Dickenswrote Animal Farm and A Tale of Two Cities, respectively, to express their disillusionmentwith society and human nature. Animal Farm, written in 1944, is a book that tells theanimal fable of a farm in which the farm animals revolt against their human masters. It isan example of social criticism in literature in which Orwell satirized the events in Russiaafter the Bolshevik Revolution. He anthropomorphises the animals, and alludes each one toa counterpart in Russian history. A Tale of Two Cities also typifies this kind of literature. Besides the central theme of love, is another prevalent theme, that of a revolution gonebad. He shows us that, unfortunately, human nature causes us to be vengeful and, forsome of us, overly ambitious. Both these books are similar in that both describe how, evenwith the best of intentions, our ambitions get the best of us. Both authors also demonstratethat violence and the Machiavellian attitude of "the ends justifying the means" aredeplorable. George Orwell wrote Animal Farm, ". . . to discredit the Soviet system byshowing its inhumanity and its back-sliding from ideals [he] valued . . ."(Gardner, 106) Orwell noted that " there exists in England almost no literature of disillusionment with theSoviet Union.' Instead, that country is viewed either with ignorant disapproval' or withuncritical admiration.'"(Gardner, 96) The basic synopsis is this: Old Major, an old b...

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