The Civil Rights Movement vs. The Black Liberation Movement
On The Duty of Civil Disobedience, written by Henry David Thoreau, explains that civil disobedience is the act of standing for your beliefs even though they are against the law. Thoreau goes on to say that the government (because it is ruled by the majority) is not always right for everyone especially the individual and the minority. Over the course of American history, there have been many different groups formed for the purpose of civil disobedience. The two that I am going to focus on are the activists of the Civil Rights Movement and the Black Panthers of the Black Liberation Movement. The Civil Rights Movement began in 1954 with the case of Brown vs. the Board of Education. It was basically lead by Martin Luther King Jr. whose teachings were of peaceful protesting and boycotting in order to achieve the goals of integration and equality for Black Americans (Small). The Black Liberation Movement started a few years later in 1960 and was later taken over and popularized by the Black Panthers in 1966. The basis of this movement was not just black equality but also black independence by any and every means necessary. The Panthers wanted blacks to be in control of their own neighborhoods (Acoli). These two protest movements had similar but at the same time very different platforms. The difference their effectiveness was caused by the difference in the techniques.
The similarities in the two programs would be the things that they did for the community. Even though the Panthers were more violent in their ways they still had a positive message to send out. Both the Civil Rights movement and the Black Liberation
movement were meant to uplift the black people in America. They were both very community based, but they just felt differently about the techniques needed to help their people (Burroughs).
The Civil Rights Movement was a much more peaceful p...
Acoli, Sundiata. A Brief History of the Black Panther Party and Its Place In the Black
Liberation Movement, http://www.cs.oberlin.edu/students/pjaques/etest/acoli-
hist bpp.html (November 20. 2001).
Burroughs, Todd and Olive Vassel. Panthers, http://www.afroam.org/history/Panthers/
Panther-lead.html (December 10, 2001).
Small, Kris. Evolvement of the Civil Rights Movement, http://www.sdle8.ca/wdls/
reports.html (November 20. 2001).
Black Panther Party and Platform, http://www.cs.oberlin.edu/students/pjaques/etext/bpp-
program.html (December 10, 2001).