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Womens Contributions to Mathematics

Women in the world of mathematics is a subject that people rarely hear about. The only
time people do is if itís a female math teacher. But what many do not know is that
women have made extremely important contributions to the world of mathematics.
Women have been documented to be involved in mathematics, since as early as the fifth
century A.D. Women such as Hypatia, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Sophie Germain, Emmy
Noether, Ruth Moufang and Sun-Yung Alice Chang. These women have lived through
difficult times such as womenís oppression, the French Revolution, World War I and II,
which included Hitlerís administration over womenís schooling, and social prejudices.
This did not stop their yearning for math though. These women combined have earned
many different awards, specifically ones usually given to men. They have conquered the
biases people have had towards them and made what they do best count. Many of their
theorems and equations are still used today, and some are even being perfected by others.
It is important that the reader realizes that educating children about women in
mathematics is important. Many children think of mathematicians as men, and that is
totally untrue. That thought could possibly contribute to the fact that women are less
likely to enter the mathematics field compared to men. This is because they are not
educated properly on the subject, and are not given the opportunity to excel. There are
many more women in mathematics then mentioned above, but the ones named are very
important to the field and children need to know that. By taking these 6 womenís
contributions and focusing on how they apply to the middle school curriculum would be
very useful to any teacher. The children could each pick a female mathematician, and
make a poster and do a presentation about their findings. It could also be done as a
group project. As long as the topic gets discussed and that the girls com...

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Bibliography:
References Adair, G. (1995). Hypatia. Agnes Scott College [Online]. Available: http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/agnesi.htm [1 March 2000]. Emmy Noether (no date). [Online]. Available:http://www.coastal.edu/academics/science/jump/biography/enoether.ht ml [5 March,2000]. Golden & Hanzsek-Brill. (no date). Investigation of the Witch Curve. [Online]. Available: http://jwilson.coe.uga.edu/Texts.Folder/Agnesi/witch.html [1 March, 2000]. OíConner, J.J., & Robertson, E.F. (1996). Ruth Moufang. [Online]. Available: http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Moufang.html [24 February 2000]. OíConner, J.J., & Robertson, E.F. (1998). Sun-Yung Alice Chang. [Online]. Available: http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Chang.html [6 March 2000]. Singh, Simon. (no date). Mathís Hidden Women. [Online]. Available: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/proof/germain.html [1 March 2000]. Swift, Amanda. (revised in 1997). Sophie Germain. Agnes Scott College [Online]. Available: http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/germain.htm [1 March 2000]. Taylor, Mandie. (1995). Emmy Noether. Agnes Scott College [Online]. Available: http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/noether.htm [2 February 2000]. Unlu, Elif. (1995). Maria Gaetana Agnesi. Agnes Scott College [Online]. Available: http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/agnesi.htm [1 March 2000]. Weisstein, Eric. (1996-2000). Riemannian Geometry. Wolfram Research Inc. [Online]. Available: http://www.mathworld.wolfram.com/RiemannianGeometry/html [7 March 2000].


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