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Wolfgang Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 and lived to the year of 1791. In Mozarts early childhood when he was six years old he had become an accomplished performer on the clavier, violin, and organ and was highly skilled in sight-reading and improvision. Mozart had composed five short piano pieces when he was six, which are still played to this day. At the age of 14, Mozart was payed to write a serious opera. This work, mitridate, re di Ponto (Mithridates, King of Pontos, 1770), produced under his direction at Milan, completely established an already big reputation. In 1777 Mozart obtained a leave of absence for a concert tour and left with his mother for Munich. The courts of Europe ignored the 21-year-old Mozart in his search for a more congenial and rewarding appointment. He traveled to Mannheim, then the musical center of Europe because of its famous orchestra, fell in love with Aloysia Weber. Leopold then ordered his son and wife to Paris. His mother died in Paris in July of 1778, his rejection by Weber, and the neglect he suffered from the aristocrats whom he courted made the two years Mozart's arrival in Paris until his return to Salzburg in 1779 one of the most difficult periods in his life. While at home Mozart composed two masses and a number of sonatas, symphonies, and concertos; these works reveal for the first time a distinctive style and a completely mature understanding of musical media. Mozart had a success on the Italian opera seria Idomeneo, re di Creta (Idomeneo, King of Crete). A series of court intrigues and his exploitation at the hands of the court soon forced Mozart to leave. In a house in Viennarented for him by his friends, he hoped to sustain himself by being a teacher. During this period Mozart composed a singspiel called The Abduction from the Seraglio, which was requested by Emperor Joseph the 2nd in 1782. In that same year Mozart had married Constanze Weber, Aloysia's younger...

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