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presidential powers

From the inception of the Constitution, there has always been a power struggle between the President and Congress. In the beginning, Madison and the

Jeffersonians were placed in a gridlock with Hamilton and his school of political

philosophy. Andrew Jackson fought to extend the powers of the President, then

Congress spent 50 years fighting to repeal the powers of the Executive. Abraham

Lincoln refined Jacksonian presidential politics, then Congress impeached his

successor, Andrew Johnson, for fear of another quasi – tyrannical President. Even

today, a Congress, whose majority is of the same party as the President, fights 24

hours a day to check the power of President George W. Bush. But why, and

how?

Inherent Power Struggles Within the Constitution:

Article I, Section I – “All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives”

VS.

Article II, Section I – “The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America”

Article II, Section II – “The President shall be the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United States”

- The Founders’ ambiguous and contradicting language sets the stage for a power struggle between the Executive and the Legislative branches
- Being that the Founders were political masterminds, they realized that unique circumstances would demand some deviations from the restraints that the Constitution places on both ...

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