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Cognitivebehavioral and Psychodynamic Models for College Counseling

 Short-term or Brief Counseling/Therapy: Cognitive-behavioral and Psychodynamic Models for College Counseling Abstract “Short-term” or “Brief Counseling/Therapy” and the current mental health system seem to be inexorably linked for at least the foreseeable future. This paper discusses
the history, objectives, appropriate clientele, efficacy, and the other benefits, and
short comings, of this therapeutic/counseling modality and its relevance to my
present career direction, College Counseling. Cognitive-behavioral, Psychodynamic,
and Gestalt applications of brief therapy/counseling methods will be addressed.

For a working definition of short-term or brief therapy/counseling I would like to quote a
couple of authors on the subject. Wells (1982) states that, “Short -term treatment, as I shall use the
term, refers to a group (or family) of related interventions in which the helper deliberately and
planfully limits both the goals and duration of contact”(p. 2). Nugent (1994) says that, “In contrast
to traditional therapies, brief counseling and therapies (or time-limited therapies) set specific goals
and specify that the number of sessions will be limited.” He then adds that, “Counselors using brief
therapy approaches help clients develop coping skills that will enable them to anticipate and manage
future problems more effectively”(p. 96). In short, brief counseling/therapy is more directive and
time-limited, regardless of the particular therapeutic theory being employed. The counselor assumes
an active instead of a passive role in his relationship with the client. Due to budget constraints, the
rising cost of mental-health care, and a growing demand for services over the last decade, a large
number of counselors, in a large variety...

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REFERENCES Butcher, J. N., & Koss, M. P. (1978). Research on brief and crisis oriented psychotherapies. In S. L. Garfield & A. E.Bergin (Eds.), (2nd ed., pp. 725-768). Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change. New York: Wiley Corey, G. (1996). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. Brooks/Cole Publishing. Gage, L. A., & Gyorky, Z. K. (1990). Identifying appropriate clients for time-limited counseling. Journal of College Student Development, 31, 476-477. Gallagher, R. P. (1991). National survey of counseling center directors. University of Pittsburgh, University Counseling and Student Development Center, 1-25. Garfield, S. L. (1989). The practice of brief psychotherapy. New York: Pergamon. Garfield, S. L., & Kurtz, E. (1975). Clinical psychologists: A survey of selected attitudes and views. Clinical Psychologist, 28, 4-7. Gurman, A. S., & Kniskern, D. P. Research on marital and family therapy: Progress, perspective and prospect. In S. L. Garfield and A. E. Bergin (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change: An empirical analysis (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley, 1978. Nugent, F. A. An Introduction to the Profession of Counseling (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 5, pp. 96-98, 16, pp. 356-358. Saposnek, D. T. Short-Term Psychotherapy. In Personality And Behavioral Disorders (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley, 33, pp. 1031-1068 Small, L. The briefer psychotherapies. (Rev. ed). New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1, pp.5. Stone, G. L., & Archer, J., Jr. (1990). College and university counseling centers in the 1990s: Challenges and limits. The Counseling Psychologist, 18, 539-607. Wells, R. A. Planned Short-Term Treatment. New York: The Free Press, 1, pp. 1-20.

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