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Blood Donation

Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about the criteria for becoming a blood donor, Central Idea: To inform the audience about blood donation A. As you sit in a classroom at New River Community College, you may not think that saving a life is something you would do today, but, in fact, it's quite easy to do. The first thing that may come to mind is some sort of emergency rescue.
2. The easiset way to save a life is blood donation.
a. done in less than 1 hour
b. relatively painless
c. you can do it on your own schedule
B. Today, I am going to explain many aspects of blood donation.
C. I have given blood before and I am aware of the questionnaire and procedures used during the blood donation process.
D. I want to make everyone clear on how the process works.
E. I will explain the criteria that makes a person eligible to donate blood, how the procedure for blood donating goes, and who benefits from blood donation.

II. Body of Speech
A. It is relatively easy to become a blood donor.
1. Before going to a blood drive or a blood donation center there are a few general qualifications that a person must meet.
2. A person must be in overall good health on the day of the donation, be at least 17 years old, weigh 110 pounds, and have not donated in the previous 56 days.
3. If these preliminary conditions are met, a person is then able to fill out a questionnaire, which asks specific questions about a personís lifestyle to determine their level of risk.
4. A person who has any of the following cannot donate blood:
a. cold or flu symptoms
b. has been taking antibiotics within the previous two days
c. has been tattooed or unprofessionally body pierced in the past 12 months
d. has an increased risk of HIV and other STDs
e. has spent longer than 3 months in a country where Mad Cow disease is seen
5. This is only a summary of the questions asked by the American Red Cross before blood donation. A complete listing can be found on their website (

B. If a potential donor meets all of the criteria, a few simple tests are performed and then donation can begin.
1. Temperature and blood pressure are both taken
2. A drop of blood is taken from the ear to run other tests on.
3. When these tests are complete, the donor is given a donation bag which will hold approximately 1 pint of blood.
4. The actual donation process usually only takes about 10 minutes.
5. After donating some people may feel a little light headed or faint
a. There are rarely any serious side effects from donating blood
b. Most problems can be avoided by resting after donating and staying for free juice and a snack to help replenish the body.
6. Donating blood poses no serious health threats to the donor, and by donating blood, many people are able to benefit in return.

C. People who receive donated blood include cancer patients, gunshot victims, car accident victims, and burn victims.
1. Red blood cells are used for patients with chronic anemia or acute blood loss.
2. Platelets are used for patients with cancer and those recovering from organ or bone marrow transplants.
3. Plasma is used for people with severe liver disease, clotting deficiencies, or burns.
4. The Red Cross removes leukocytes from donated blood because leukocytes are very helpful in fighting infection in the donorís body, but tend to cause problems when given to the recipient.
5. The division, testing, and labeling of blood ensures that all of the blood that can be used is used for people who are in desperate need.

V. Conclusion
A. I hope that I have explained to you all the steps involved in donating blood and where the blood ends up.
1. Requirements for being a blood doner
2. Brief summary of the blood donation procedure
3. People who receive and benefit from donated blood
B. According to nationwide statistics, most people donít give blood because "it takes up too much time". In just one hour you can help save a life.

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