Will Cloning have a Positive OR Negative Effect on The definition of a clone is an organism that has the same genetic information as another organism or organisms. Scientific and ethical studies of cloning, prove that,
cloning will have a negative rather than a positive effect on society.
The goals and purposes for cloning range from making copies of those who have
died, to bettering the engineering of offspring in humans and animals (Hawley, 1998).
Cloning could also directly offer a means of curing diseases or could offer a technique that
could extend means to acquiring new data for the sciences of embryology and how
organisms develop as a whole over time.
Currently, the agricultural industry demands nuclear transfer to produce better
livestock, and cloning could massively improve the agricultural industry as the technique
of nuclear transfer improves (Hawley, 1998). Nuclear transfer takes the nucleus of a cell
from one individual and places it in the egg or another individual, from which the nucleus
has been removed (Wertz, 1998b). The change in phenotype, the observable physical and
biochemical characteristics of an organism, of livestock is accomplished by bombarding
embryos of livestock with genes that produce “super” livestock traits; however, this
technique is not efficient because only five percent of the offspring express these “super”
traits that would guarntee a more productive industry. Scientists can easily genetically
alter adult cells; therefore, cloning from an adult cell would make it easier to alter the
genetic material. The goal of transgenic livestock1 is to produce livestock with ideal
characteristics for the agricultural industry and to be able to manufacture biological
products such as proteins for humans.
Farmers are attempting to produce transgenic livestock already, but not efficiently,
due to the minimal ability to alter embryos genetically. Researc...
Anees, M.A. (1995, March). Human cloning: an atlantean odyssey?. Eubios Journal of
Asian and International Bioethics. 1 November 1999.
Hawley, A. (1998, March 2). Cloning. 26 September 1999.
Wertz, D.C. (1998a, August). History of cloning. The Gene Letter. 26 September 1999.
Wertz, D.C. (1998b, August). Types of cloning. The Gene Letter. 26 September 1999.