Repeated revolutionary dislocation of Sudan's civil society led to the imposition of the sharia, or Islamic law, as the law of the land in 1983. The sharia has been vigorously enforced since 1989, when the present regime accomplished its coup, and in the hands of Sudan's ruling regime it imposes obligations on Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Conceptualized as God's law, the sharia is the ideal law of the land, encompassing human relationships and not requiring justification.
But neither the sharia nor Sudan's implementation of it has escaped challenge. Widespread reports of regime-sponsored or sanctioned enslavement, atrocity, and genocide, as well as rumors of regime-sponsored export or support of Islamist revolution