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History of the Ethiopian Civil War

This new arrangement enabled Ethiopia to gain limited control of a territory that was more advanced politically and economically, at least in its inland areas, and at the same time to regain access to the sea (Ethiopia: A Country Study).

A Four Power Inquiry Commission was established by the World War II Allies (Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States), but this commission failed to agree in its September 1948 report on a future course for Eritrea. Several countries had shown an interest in the area. Italy had asked for Eritrea to be returned as a colony or as a trusteeship, and this was supported at first by the Soviet Union, which anticipated a Communist victory in a coming Italian election. The Arab states saw Eritrea and its large Muslim population as an extension of the Arab world, so they sought the establishment of an independent state. Some Britons favored a division of the territory, creating one region with the Christian areas and the coast from Mitsiwa southward to go to Ethiopia, and creating an area to the northwest to go to Sudan. A UN commission arrived in Eritrea in February 1950 and eventually approved a plan involving some form of association with Ethiopia, and after that, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution affirming this plan, with the provision that Britain, the administering power, should facilitate the UN efforts and depart from the colony no later than September 15, 1952. To meet this deadlin


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History of the Ethiopian Civil War. (2000, January 01). In Retrieved 05:29, October 26, 2014, from
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