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History of the Ethiopian Civil War

A UN commission arrived in Eritrea in February 1950 and eventually approved a plan involving some form of association with Ethiopia, and after that, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution affirming this plan, with the provision that Britain, the administering power, should facilitate the UN efforts and depart from the colony no later than September 15, 1952. To meet this deadline, the British held elections on March 16, 1952 for a Representative Assembly of sixtyeight members. This body was made up equally of Christians and Muslims and accepted the draft constitution advanced by the UN commissioner on July 10, and the constitution was then ratified by the emperor on September 11. The Representative Assembly was next transformed into the Eritrean Assembly (Ethiopia: A Country Study).

The UN General Assembly approved a resolution on September 15, 1952 by a vote of fortyseven to ten, and it provided that Eritrea should be linked to Ethiopia through a loose federal structure under the emperor's sovereignty but with a form and organization of internal selfgovernment. The federal government would control foreign affairs, defense, foreign and interstate commerce, transportation, and finance, while control over domestic affairs such as police, local administration, and taxation to meet its own budget would be controlled by an elected Eritrean assembly on the parliamentary model. The state would have its own administrative and judicial structure and its own flag (Ethiopia: A Country Study).

From the beginning of this federation, though, the emperor's representative undercut the territory's separate status under the federal system and in contravention of the UN plan. In August 1955, Tedla Bairu, an Eritrean who was the chief executive elected by the assembly, was forced to resign by pressure from the emperor, who replaced Tedla with his own nominee. This new executive made Amharic the official language in place of Arab...

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History of the Ethiopian Civil War. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 20:56, August 20, 2017, from
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