Modern and Classical Theories in Political Science
Weber (p. 2 of 4) conceptualizes dependent variables as phenomena contrasted to an "ideal of natural order", contrasting capitalism to this natural order of things and focusing on the ways in which meaning was identified by two different groups. He rejected alternatives based on his argument from meaning, rejecting individual selection, class materialism, and other interpretations of meaning. In other words, Weber took a set of assumptions which may or may not have been true in the sense of demonstrable, measurable "fact" and "data" and then, based on these assumptions, created a theory of how and why a certain type of economic activity emerged in a certain place and among groups with a particular religious orientation (and, conversely, not in another place among a disparate group of people).
Further, Weber (1 of 3) argues that a collective property of society shapes the individual and his conduct, eliminating the problem of aggregation. For example, Weber (p. 55) stated "In order that a manner of life so well adapted to the peculiarities of capitalismashould come to dominate others, it ha to originateanot in isolated individuals alone, but as a way of life common to whole groups of men." Meaning, as attributed under a single no