Effectiveness of Campaign Against Death Penalty
In addition to being involved with the policies of the international community, Amnesty International continues to work for the abolition of the death penalty by regularly monitoring developments, collecting information from around the world, and organizing an on-going program in cooperation with other human rights organizations and governments. For example, in 2000, Amnesty International worked together with the Community of Sant'Egidio and Sister Helen Prejean of the Moratorium 2000 project to collect and present more than three million signatures to the United Nations Secretary-General, Kofi Annan. In this and other ways, Amnesty International will continue to push for the unconditional worldwide abolition of the death penalty (Amnesty International Website. . ., 2002;Amnesty International, 2000).
Amnesty International Website Against Death. (2002). Facts and Figures on the Death Penalty. Available online at: http://www.amnesty.org.
Safeguards adopted in 1989 not only reiterated that the death penalty only used for the most serious of crimes (if at all), but also that it eliminate the penalty for anyone who has become insane or who suffers from mental retardation or extremely limited mental competence. Again, there have been many documented cases in which these restrictions have been ignored, especially in the United States, and those who are mentally incompetent have been sentenced and executed (Amnesty International Online, Human Rights. . ., 2002).
Finally, as long as human justice remains fallible, the risk of convicting, sentencing, and executing an innocent victim remains a risk that will never be eliminated. In fact, it is the irrevocable nature of the death penalty that also makes it such a tempting tool for those who want to repress their political enemies (Amnesty International, 2000).