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The Greek Legacy of Akhenaton and Pericles

After Pericles' death, however, a renewal of conflict diminished his achievements.

Sparta and Athens were the two dominant city-states of the Mediterranean world in the first centuries before the birth of Christ. The two city-states were regular, if not constant, rivals for hegemonic control of the region and its smaller (and weaker) rivals. Early in their mutual history, Athens achieved primacy through the use of military power and the creation of an imperial empire. Later, when the Peloponnesian Wars erupted in 432 BC, Sparta ultimately prevailed over Athens and achieved hegemonic control over the region.

If Athens was a state in which philosophy and the arts were valued, Sparta was its opposite. Run as an essentially militaristic entity, Sparta had a mixed rather than a largely democratic constitution 9as did Athens). The Spartans also had a governing assembly in which participation was limited to males over age 30. Unlike Athens, Sparta had a unique governing institution ...

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The Greek Legacy of Akhenaton and Pericles. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 14:45, September 28, 2016, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303379301.html
 
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