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Behavioral And Cognitive Approaches to the Discipline

Cooperative learning is an alternative procedure to conventional modes of learning, and is a practical application of collaborative learning theory. Under the cooperative learning concept, students are assigned to groups which are composed of average, lowachieving, and gifted learners, and mainstreamed students, if any of the latter happen to be in the class.

Different cooperative learning groups are typically assigned for the different topics of instruction presented to a class. Within each group, the students cooperate in the learning process, with the students who grasp the material providing assistance to those students experiencing more difficulty in comprehending that which is being taught. Under the cooperative learning concept, both the reward structure, and the concept of student accountability are different from those in more conventional or traditional learning concepts. Under the cooperative learning concept, individual student accountability is replaced by group accountability, and students are rewarded not on the basis of their own performance alone, but, rather, on the basis of the performance of their group.

Bandura's (1987, pp. 158162) social learning theory may be applied in the application of either the Brohpy (1987, pp. 328336) or the Slavin (1987, pp. 316325) approach to student motivation. This social learning theory posits that (1) observers (other students) may acquire new patterns of behavior by watching the actions of others, (2) contact with other students may both strengthen or weaken inhibitions toward previously learned responses, and (3) the actions of an individual or individuals in a group may serve as cues in stimulating the performance of other individuals in the same group.

Obviously, all three aspects of Bandura's (1987, pp. 158162) social learning theory apply to major elements of the functioning of Slavin's (1987, pp. 316325) approach to student motivation. Once one individua...

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Behavioral And Cognitive Approaches to the Discipline. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 21:13, November 20, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303384184.html
 
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