The first line in his piece sets this tone and demonstrates his use of fiction-like sentences to describe a nonfiction event, "Suddenly summoned to witness something great and horrendous, we keep fighting not to reduce it to our own smallness" (Updike, 2001, p. 1). His story is filled with figurative language like metaphors and similes and other tools of fiction not typical of straight reporting of nonfiction stories. Updike's (2001) description of the tower falling is highly vivid and filled with figurative language, "it fell straight down like an elevator, with a tinkling shiver and a groan of concussion distinct across the mile of air" (p. 1). Updike's use of such elements creates a much more literary and majestic piece than straight reporting of a real event. This technique serves the piece well, since Updike almost writes it as a tribute or memorial.
In Langston Hughes' (2008) "Salvation," we see the author also uses elements of fiction like strong characterization and dialogue that are not typical of straight reporting of a real event. His depiction of the people in the church shows this fiction-like account that seems more like literature than reporting of a real event, "A great many old people came and knelt around us and prayed, old women with jet-black faces and braided hair, old men with work-gnarled hands" (Hughes, 2008, p. 1). Hughes also creates vivid characters like Westl