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Life of Adolf Hitler

With the backing of press tycoon Alfred Hugenberg, Hitler received tremendous nationwide exposure as the effects of the world economic crisis hit Germany, producing mass unemployment, social dissolution, fear and indignation. With demagogic virtuosity, he played on national resentments, feelings of revolt and the desire for strong leadership, using the most modern techniques of mass persuasion to present himself as Germany's redeemer and savior (Bullock, 1962, p. 298).

In the 1930 elections the Nazi vote jumped dramatically from 810,000 to 6,409,000 - 18.3 percent of the total vote - and they received 107 seats in the Reichstag. In February 1931, Hitler obtained German citizenship and ran for President of Germany. receiving 13,418,011 votes in the runoff elections of 10 April 1931 as against 19,359,650 votes for the victorious von Hindenburg, this was four times the vote for the communist candidate, Ernst Thaelmann. In the Reichstag elections of July 1932, the Nazis emerged as the largest political party in Germany, obtaining nearly 14,000,000 - 37.3 per cent - and 230 seats. Hitler was helped to power by a camarilla of conservative politicians led by Franz von Papen, who persuaded the reluctant von Hindenburg to nominate "the Bohemian corporal" as Reich Chancellor on January 30, 1933 (Dolan, 1981, p. 185).

Once in office, Hitler moved with great speed to outmaneuver his rivals. The Reichstag fire of February 27, 1933, provided him with the pretext to begin consolidating the foundations of a totalitarian oneparty State; the Enabling Act, which allowed him to make law without legislative approval was ramrodded through the Reichstag to legalize the regime's intimidation. By July, he had ousted the conservatives from participation in government; this was followed by the abolition of free trade unions, and elimination of the Communists and Social Democrats, many of whom were thrown into the new concentration camp at Dachau, outside...

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Life of Adolf Hitler. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 18:37, November 22, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303422871.html
 
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