S.) are afflicted with the chronic disorder of diabetes. Children and adolescents typically suffer from Type 1 diabetes in which their bodies are unable to produce insulin that is used for processing glucose from ingested foods. In the case of individuals with Type 2 diabetes, their bodies are unable to utilize insulin effectively. Although this type of diabetes generally affects adults, it has become prevalent among children due to increasing rates of obesity. Individuals suffering from diabetes may experience episodes of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels) or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). While hyperglycemia can trigger symptoms such as "malaise, fatigue,à drowsiness, excessive thirst and coma," hypoglycemia can lead to "headaches, sudden changes in behavior, nausea and vomiting, blurred vision, profuse sweating, excessive hunger,à convulsions and comas" (qtd. in DePaepe et al., 2002, p. 11). Moreover, individuals with diabetes are also susceptible to a life-threatening condition of ketoacidosis that occurs when fat is being burned for energy due to the lack of insulin to convert sugar into energy (Chase, 2002, cited in McKesson Health Solutions, 2003).
Based on the above description, it is evident that children with diabetes may experience difficulties in the educational setting for a variety of reasons. First, children with diabetes who are experiencing high or low blood sugar levels will clearly be unable to keep up with their school w