Paper Details  
 
   

7 Pages
1738 Words

 
   
 

Create a new account

It's simple, and free.

What are these Imformal Networks?

5). In this context, an entity may not be separated from its external environment. The entity's internal environment is viewed within a holistic perspective as providing the regulators necessary to permit the entity to cope with both internal and external disturbances through interdependent actions. Within an organizational system, there are several interrelated and interdependent subsystems, or networks. These interdependent and generally informal networks are the focus of the Krackhardt and Hanson (1993, pp. 104111) concept.

Both David Krackhardt and Jeffrey Hanson are qualified to write on this topic. Krackhardt is an associate professor of organizations and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University, while Hanson is an experienced management consultant. The major strength of the critiqued article lies in the clear description of the concepts and problems involved, while the weakness of the article is the author's reliance on a single organization for purposes of illustration.

Krackhardt, David, & Hanson, Jeffrey R. (1993, JulyAugust). Informal networks: The company behind the chart. Harvard Business Review, 71(4), 104111.

Ackoff, R. L. (1991). Systems, organizations, and interdisciplinary research. In Emery, F. E. (Ed.). Systems thinking. (3rd ed.). Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books, Ltd., pp. 330348.

Angyal, A. (1991). Precedents to systems theory. In Emery, F. E. (Ed.). Systems thinking. (3rd ed.). Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books, Ltd., pp. 1729.

Boulding, Kenneth E. (1985). The world as a system. Beverly Hills, California: Sage Publications.

Galagan, Patricia A. (1992). Managing the white space. Training & Development Journal, 46(8), 2630.

O'Neil, M. J. (1990). The general method of social work. (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: PrenticeHall, Inc.

Ross, Alexander. (1992). The long view of leadership. Canadian Business, 65(5), 4651.

Scott, W. Richard. (1987). Organizations: Ration...

Page 1 of 7 Next >

    More on What are these Imformal Networks?...

    Loading...
APA     MLA     Chicago
What are these Imformal Networks?. (2000, January 01). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 08:21, November 28, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303463778.html
 
Copyright © 1999 - 2014 CollegeTermPapers.com. All Rights Reserved. DMCA