My personal environmental ethic views the environment as a holistic system whose parts must be given equal consideration if we are to survive as a species and as a planet. For example, many individuals believe pig farming to be permissible from an ethical standpoint because pigs are less valued than human beings and more replaceable. While this may be true in the eyes of the law, ethically and naturally nature does not distinguish pigs from humans. An example of this would be the contamination of soil and water sources from effluents that are a byproduct of pig farming. While it may be true that many feel human beings are superior to pigs and that it is unethical to raise humans as a food source, nature does not make such distinctions. In fact, those who feel superior to pigs and feel it is alright to raise and kill them for food often think there is no consequence due to such practices. However, nature sees all living things as parts of an interdependent whole. The effluents that stem from pig farming may one day be responsible for killing off the human race due to contaminated soil and water sources. It reminds me of a quote by Emerson that my father taught me, ˘For every bounty nature bestows, she exacts a price.÷ Individuals who adopt a nature/culture dualistic ethical stance toward the environment might think otherwise.
Andrew Brennan and Yeuk-Sze Lo (2002) define environmental ethics as ˘the discipline that studies the moral r