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The "emotionally disturbed" Child Home Treatment

These characteristics include well-defined roles, responsibilities, pecking order, routines, rituals, and regulations.

According to Redl what makes roles, responsibilities, regulations, and so forth work effectively is that the effective residential treatment center places them in the context of the facility's therapeutic goals. This therapeutic context is important because it allows for the operation of the center to function in a manner that controls the youngster's behavior. In other words, the operation of the center is structured such that the child is encouraged to control his or her impulses rather than to act them out.

When the residential center's structure, policy, routines, etc. fail to stop the child from acting out disturbed impulses, steps must be taken to negatively reinforce the behavior. With emotionally disturbed children, a variety of actions can be taken to punish the child as a method of negative reinforcement, one of which is the method of physical restraint that is proposed for study here.

As noted in the introductory statement, the center that will be examined in this study had noticed that during holidays the need for physical restraint in children increased. It can be noted that several researchers have observed that holidays (and sometimes even weekends) are often accompanied by an increase incidence of acting-out behavior at residential t


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