In the United States, police scandals "are recurrent," and public respect for police tends to be low (Bayley 89). Police scandals are infrequent in Japan, where corruption is not perceived by the public to be a characteristic of police behavior (Bayley 90).
Ayukawa, J. "The Politics of Juvenile Justice in Japan." Paper delivered to a meeting of the International Sociological Association, 1994.
Within any particular governmental system, the approach to leadership also tends to vary. Westerners tend to favor highly partisan political, where there are clear winners and losers, and where the winners force their will on society to the extent a particular political system permits. Asians, conversely, tend to favor consensus politics, where there are no clear winners and losers. Within such societies, decisions are often much longer in coming than they are in western societies; however, they also typically also enjoy a much broader base of support than that found for most political decisions in western societies.
A primary focus of the criminal justice system in Japan is not the formal enforcement of criminal laws through arrest, prosecution, and lengthy incarceration (Haley 138). Rather, a major focus of the Japanese criminal justice system is on informal offender rehabilitation and social reintegration.
Toby, J. "The Politics of School Violence." The Public Interest (Summer 1994): 34-56.