S. government administration often justifies its actions and enactments by reference to just such moral imperatives from a higher power. This is a particularly interesting fact given that this administration also significantly parallels Beard's own economic interpretation of American constitutional history, as will be discussed in more detail throughout this paper.
The second school Beard calls the Teutonic because it attributes the achievements of English-speaking peoples to the "peculiar political genius of the Germanic races" (Beard, 1941, p. 2). Once again, this school of interpretation is echoed by the current U.S. administration, perhaps most notably in its rationale for its 2003 war in Iraq. There, the administration used the justification of bringing democracy to the Middle East as one of its reasons for invading a sovereign nation. Notably, the democracy the U.S. Administration advocated for the Middle East is based firmly on American democracy, which many argue (and which Beard's analysis supports) is a capitalist democracy based firmly on economic interests.
The third school of interpretation Beard characterizes by a lack of hypotheses (Beard, 1941, p. 3). It is a more self-critical school than the others because it is aware of the problems of trying to read history through a pre-determined prism, a feature this school criticized in the two that preceded it. Although Beard places his own economic interpretation outside any of the three schoo