As Michael T. Klare (2002) argues U.S. foreign policy in he region represents a ˘deadly nexus,÷ maintaining that ˘the links between terrorism, oil, and national security policy appear substantial,÷ (414).
The 1967 Arab-Israeli war took a heavy tool on Egypt. Egypt lost Sinai, the profitable oilfields there, and fees from the use of the Suez Canal. Its armed forces were in total shambles, primarily due to IsraelĂs military attacks backed with heavy aid and arms from the U.S. Formally, between 1967 and 1974, diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Egypt were severed. However, the U.S. under the Nixon doctrine, a policy that deemed U.S. allies would play a large role in self-defense, had been backing Arab states like Iran under the Shah with large military aid. This increased tensions among Arab neighbors, particularly Iran and Iraq and demonstrates U.S. policy willing to back Arab regimes conducive to U.S. agenda in the region. By 1973 tensions had increased between Israel and Egypt to the breaking point. Egyptian President Anwar Sadat threatened to use force against Israel if his proposals for peace were ignored. In the wake of an oil embargo, the Yom Kippur War erupted. The use of oil as a foreign policy tool and Arab military forces were successful in getting Israel to withdraw from disputed occupied territories. Henry Kissinger brokered a peace settlement