If it is at all true that capitalism does in fact have a deleterious effect on the individual, then Marx's ideas will still have relevance today. This is so simply because capitalism has not gone away; the world is currently experiencing a sweeping economic trendłglobalizationłthat is markedly capitalistic. Those that oppose globalization and the capitalistic tendencies it encourages continue to look to Marxian ideology for inspiration, and often invoke ideas found in The Communist Manifesto. They do so with good reason; it is in Marx that the most cogent criticisms of capitalist society are to be found.
Beyond this, however, it is clear that there is a side of this modern world that does not take capitalism for granted. Rather, this is a side that (though composed of many different views) supposes there is perhaps a more elegant, more just, and more appropriate economic system for human beings than capitalism. It is perhaps in this context that Marx's own deep conviction that human beings are essentially creative, productive beings still resonates today.
Those that lament the technological age for its fanatical obsession with efficiency, expansion, and profit will often utilize the same arguments about human nature that Marx himself made in 1848. The frustration that