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Evolution of the Problem in Iraq and the United Nations

This resolution sought to allow Iraq to make limited oil sales; however, strict financial conditions were applied. Predictably, Iraq denounced the resolution.

Competing Aims, Interests, and Strategies

The origins of the Iraqi threat to the stability of the Middle East region greatly predated the appearance of Saddam Hussein as Iraqi leader or the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. With the fall of the Ottoman Empire during the First World War, European nations gained political control of the countries of the Middle East region. Britain gained control of Iraq, what is now Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. At the end of the Second World War, when independence from colonial occupying nations came into vogue, Britain arbitrarily and without historical justification carved the state of Kuwait out of Iraq before relinquishing political control over the area. The British wanted to divide the oil reserves to prevent an Arab leader from gaining too great a control over the resource, and they wanted a leader, which they found in Kuwait, who would assure continued and uninterrupted western access to the resource. Ever since that time, Iraq, regardless of who its leader was, has endorsed a policy of incorporating Kuwait into Iraq.

In the 1950s and 1960s, the Ba'ath Party, of which Saddam Hussein is a member, gained political control in several Arab states. The Ba'athist leaders in the several countries soon has a falling out, and bitter rivalries developed. One of the bitterest of these rivalries is that between Saddam Hussein in Iraq and Hafez al-Assad, the leader of Syria. This rivalry was the basis for Syria's joining of the Allied coalition against Iraq in the Gulf War. A concern for the fate of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had nothing to do with Syria's action.

In the 1940s, the state of Israel was created out of a part of Palestine through the actions of the major western countries and the Soviet Union. The Arab states bitterly opposed this ...

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Evolution of the Problem in Iraq and the United Nations. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 02:02, August 17, 2017, from
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