How Hittites Originated
Some of the tablets are in Akkadian, Hurrian and others were in an Indo-European language. Besides the Hittite language of the governing class, two other Indo-European languages, Luvian and Palaic, were also used.

Since the Hittites did not learn to write until after they had begun to borrow from the Mesopotamian civilizations, their earlier history can be reconstructed only on the basis of archeological hints and linguistic distributions. Historians generally agree that the Hittites came into Asia Minor from either Europe or across the Caucasus mountains. This movement seems to have been a part of a great migration of Indo-Europeans at the turn from the third to the second millennium B.C., although the Hittites were in Asia Minor before 2000 B.C.

Ancestors of the Aryans of India, of the Medes, and of the Persians, the Hittites were fierce warriors. They occupied a land whose position compelled them to be conquerors. South of them lay the metal-bearing areas of Cilicia; between these were the ports and cities of Syro-Phoenicia where the merchants of Babylonia and Assyria had established trading routes; and east and south was the Euphrates, with its fertile valley and prosperous towns.

Possession of these areas could make the Hittites more powerful and gradually they conquered Cappadocia and Carchemish on the Euphrates. In 1926 B.C. the Hittites, under Mursilis I (d. 1590) captured Babylon, but another Aryan t

 
 
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