These appealed to the common people, who had not been accustomed to the attention of the ruling class. The Republicans promised to bring Spain into the industrial age, with the common worker leading the advance. This explains the mass support for the Republican forces during the Civil War; those peasants who were confidant of Spain's future as a modern socialist nation feared a return to a feudal state.
The Falange movement formed during the 1930s, in response to the Republican government. This organization was fascist in name and nature, taking its cues from Mussolini in Italy and Hitler in Germany. It was led by generals of the Spanish Army, who wished to reinstate the old order. The philosophy and outlook of many of the falangists was represented by General Millßn Astray, who had founded the Spanish Foreign Legion in Spanish Morocco. Astray had lost an arm, a leg, an eye, and several fingers in combat in Morocco. He was also excitable and vain; when aroused in front of a crowd his speeches usually lost logic and coherence. More than any other Falangist, he embodied the fascist slogans, "Long live Death!" and "Death to the Intelligence!" These slogans appealed, in part, to the Spanish obsession with death and the feudal mistrust of academic learning. These slogans represented the extremism of the Falangists, and were used in speeches calling for the purification of Spanish soil through the extermination of the "diseased" people on it (Spanish Civil War, pp. 107-17).
It was no accident that the virtual home base of the Falange movement was Morocco, where many of the generals had served and come under the influence of Astray and Franco. Morocco was the site of the last Spanish imperial interests and the officers who served there quite naturally grew attracted to nationalist sentiments. In addition, the brutal war against the Moroccan Riffs, in the 1920s, hardened the officers who commanded the combat units and intensified their pr...
History of Spanish Civil War. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 16:47, January 16, 2017, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303529241.html