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African American Law Enforcers in the US

Chapter 6 focuses on the establishment of African American police organizations in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s.

Chapter 7 highlights the administrative and leadership positions in law enforcement held by African Americans in the 1970s and 80s. In Chapter 8, Dulaney identifies what he calls the three generations of African American police officers: The "crime fighters" who comprised the African American officers who served from the Reconstruction period to the 1940s, the "reformers" who worked in the 1950s and 1960s, and the "professionals" who worked from the 1960s to the present.

In the first chapter, Dulaney attempts to establish his theory of the parallel relationship between African American history in the United States to the development of the first formal American police organizations (pp. 2-4). The colonies enacted myriad laws to regulate slave behavior due to slave resistance. In rural areas, slave patrols were the primary enforcement groups for these laws. The slave patrols were the first American police system. Further, according to the author, because of this early perspective, African Americans were always considered subjects of surveillance. As a result, the identification of African Americans as prime targets were inculcated into the police mentality. This pattern of policing evolved and spread throughout police departments North and South, and evolved into a pattern of policing which have targeted African Americans throughout their lives in America. From this premise, Dulaney established his link between the nation's reliance on slave labor and the policing of African Americans, and between the history of African Americans and American law enforcement.

Dulaney uses a number of graphic vignettes and personal biographies of police officers from each of his three designated generations


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African American Law Enforcers in the US. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 00:47, August 21, 2017, from
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