Hemispheric solidarity was the key policy goal which was by and large achieved during World War II when all Latin American nations, except Argentina and Chile which remained neutral, joined the Allied cause.
Although the language of diplomacy replaced the threat of force, the United States still acted in the 1930s and 1940s as the dominant power in the hemisphere. It used its economic largesse to obtain Latin American cooperation. Despite its lofty words in the Atlantic Charter and elsewhere to the aims of democratic government and human rights, the American government did business with dictatorships in the Caribbean, Brazil and elsewhere. Nevertheless, Gilderhus said "Roosevelt earned respect and admiration from Latin Americans" (p. 108).
The experience of the Depression and the Second
World War stimulated the growth of statist economies in Latin America and also strong labor movements in countries such as Mexico and Argentina. According to Gilderhus, "in the short term the Second World War marked a transition from the traditional export-led model of growth toward an alternative, inward-looking approach based on import-substitution industrialization" (p. 106). During the administrations of Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower, Latin America did not figure prominently, except as a junior partner in the emerging struggle between the Western and communist worlds. Wartime strains between the United States and Argentina over the latter's Axis' sympathies were patched up. In 1947, a hemispheric defense pact signed in Rio de Janeiro committed Latin American nations to take common defense measures whenever two thirds of them agreed that a common threat existed. In Bogota in 1948 the Organization of American States (OAS) came into being to implement the Rio treaty.
Latin Americans became increasingly preoccupied more with questions of their own economic development than the Soviet threat. Gilderhus said :"Latin Americans meanwhile resen...
Foreign policy of the United States. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 05:33, November 27, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303641198.html