S. society. Over time, especially fueled by the womenĂs and civil rights movements of the 1960s, women were able to gain more access to political and economic power. Economically, womenĂs broadened roles that included the workplace enabled women to gain more freedom and autonomy as well as political voice. One of the most significant pieces of legislation that has influenced women in sports after the Civil Rights Act of 1965 was Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972. This piece of legislation is generally considered to have paved the way for a significant increase in participation in sports by women. This was especially true originally on the collegiate level as Title IX mandated that ˘No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance÷ (1174).
While such government legislation stemmed from pressure on politicians to promote equality for women and men, there have been political issues on colleges and universities across the nation that have arisen due to such legislation. At many colleges and universities male sports programs generate the most prestige and income. Because of this, many college and universities are reluctant to take funds from male sports programs to originate or maintain female sports programs. Further political controversy arose over the fact that