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Structure of the United Nations After World War I

Thus, "a totally new security system had now been established, very much on the lines the great powers had originally planned. . . It should be far easier for [the U.N.] to call on the use of force to resist aggression, since all members were now clearly pledged to obey" demands from the Security Council.6

Structurally, the basic characteristics of the United Nations fall well within the system of an international organization, ostensibly owing allegiance to no particular country or region. Its primary responsibility is as a "general system of international organization because it is a definitely constituted agency, with an established continuity, generality of membership, and broad functional scope."7

The United Nations has six principal organs, an all were established under the dictum of collective security. To the United Nations, this primarily means that the Charter is focused toward the goal of international peace and security. In effect, this means that any hint of aggression, whether by member nations or not, is perceived as a direct threat to world peace and should be dealt with accordingly.

The first of the six organs of the U.N., the General Assembly, consists of all members of the United Nations, and is the only one of the principal organs for which this is true. It may be characterized as the body of the U.N., and is the place where all member nations meet to discuss various problems. The Security Council is composed of eleven members of the United Nations, with China, France, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the United States as the permanent members. These five were chosen because of their international position after World War II, and have the power to veto legislation

and form the crux of any major decision by the U.N.8

The remaining four groups of the United Nations are the Economic and Security Council, the organ that deals with the improvement of economic life worldwide; the Trusteeship Counci...

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Structure of the United Nations After World War I. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 10:50, December 19, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303681421.html
 
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