Criminal Court System
Federal district courts have jurisdiction over cases involving the violation of federal laws such as kidnapping, carjacking, civil rights, and so forth. Federal district courts with both federal and state jurisdiction may also hear criminal cases in which the federal government is a party to a suit.

Federal trial courts also include administrative quasijudicial agencies, such as the United States Tax Court, the Federal Trade Commission, the National Labor Relations Board, and others. Actions by these quasijudicial bodies, however, may not include findings of criminal responsibility. When criminal action is to be brought in such cases, the case must be submitted to a United States District Court. Federal trial courts also include the military justice system. The military justice system is separate from the federal civilian court system; however, and the Court of Military Appeals is the highest court within the military justice system. Rulings of the Court of Military Appeals may be appealed further to the Supreme Court of the United States.

The appellate courts in the federal system included the United States Supreme Court as the court of last resort and the United States Circuit Courts of Appeal. The federal appellate system also includes the Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the Court of Claims; however, these courts do not hear criminal cases. The United States Circuit Courts of Appea

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