He opposed public protests against racial intolerance because he believed they would increase hostilities between blacks and whites. Eventually, Washington believed, blacks would be fully accepted by whites and would share equally in the benefits of American society (Lawler 33).
Washington's book inspired Garvey to become a leader of his race. Garvey now considered himself a black nationalist. He wanted to unite blacks to found a nation of their own.
Formed in the late 1800s, the pan-African or black nationalist movement held that blacks throughout the world were one people and that Africa was their common homeland. The members of the movement were devoted to establishing African nations that would be governed by blacks. The leading writers of this movement, Henry McNeal Turner, Edward Wilmot Blyden, and J.E. Casely Hayford--had a strong influence on Garvey. More and more, Garvey came to believe that blacks throughout the world were mistreated and the only solution was to unite them and wrest Africa from its colonial occupiers (Lawler 31).
After reading Washington's book, Garvey went back to Jamaica and immediately contacted people whom he had worked with in the past. Shortly thereafter, he formed the Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation Association and African Communities League. The title was shortened to the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Garvey was appointed president and traveling commissioner (chief recruiter) of the Kingston-based organization.
The UNIA's purpose was to unite Jamaica's black population behind a spirit of racial pride and a program of educational and economic opportunity. The UNIA vowed to work for the establishment of independent black-ruled nations in Africa. Garvey's belief that this could only be accomplished when blacks everywhere joined together and demanded that Africa be freed from colonialism gave the UNIA its mission to be the standard-bearer of int...
Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 02:13, May 29, 2015, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303747231.html