Civil Liberties and Supreme Court in the U.S.
The ideological composition of the present United States Supreme Court includes polar extremes at each end of the ideological spectrum, with a more moderate center that tends to swing toward one pole or another depending upon the question at issue.

President Nixon (Republican) appointed Chief Justice William Rehnquist to the Supreme Court, and President Reagan (Republican) appointed Rehnquist as Chief Justice by Reagan. President Ford (Republican) appointed Justice John Paul Stevens to the Court. President Reagan (Republican) appointed Justices Sandra Day O'Connor, Antonin Scalia, and Anthony Kennedy to the Court. President George Bush (Republican and the present president's father) appointed Justices David Souter and Clarence Thomas to the Court. President Clinton (Democrat) appointed Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen Breyer to the Court.

Ideologically, however, the Court does not reflect the seven-to-two Republican-to-Democrat division of the Supreme Court. Justices Stevens and Ginsberg most consistently vote for liberal positions on issues brought before the Court, while Justices Scalia and Thomas most consistently vote for conservative position on issues before the Court. Chief Justice Rehnquist also has a strong conservative voting record in the Supreme Court, although not to the extent that is true of Justices Scalia and Thomas. The moderates in the center are Justices Souter, Breyer, O'Connor, and Kennedy. Justice Kenned

 
 
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