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Styles of Counseling Leadership

In other words, the counselor utilizing a Rogerian style of leadership becomes a sort of mirror for the client. According to Sue, Sue, and Sue (1994), this technique provides the client with a way to hear his/her own feelings with less distortion which results in successful therapeutic outcome.

A much more directive style of counseling leadership is that associated with what Ellis (1989) has termed Rational-Emotive Therapy. In this style of leadership, the therapist or counselor is confrontive, using logic to get the client to look at his/her irrational thought processes and beliefs. The counselor using this style of leadership also attempts to get the client to replace irrational thoughts and beliefs with more reasonable beliefs.

Techniques used by counselors practicing Rational-Emotive Therapy include the cognitive restructuring of client perspectives and perceptions. For example, if a client believes that he or she should be loved by everyone, the counselor might respond aggressively and attack this belief by saying: "What's so awful about not being loved by everyone? If your father doesn't love you, that's his problem!"

Other Rational-Emotive Therapy counselor techniques include "homework assignments." These assignments typically involve clients be


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