Electoral Process in Panama
Black and Flores say that, during the last half of the 19th century, the affairs of the isthmus were "in constant turmoil

. . . under forty administrations, fifty riots . . . five attempted secessions, and thirteen interventions by the United States. Coups d'etat, rebellions, and violence were almost continuous."

The Economist pointed out in 1998 that, "after its American-inspired split from Colombia in 1903, Panama was for decades run, under American tutelage, by the 'families,' a small political elite." Between 1904 and 1932, Panamanian governments were unstable and changed frequently, with the United States directly intervening five times in Panamanian domestic affairs, as it had a right to do under the Panama Canal treaty, to restore order. The domination of Panamanian politics by the oligarchy, which Black and Flores say "tended to be composed of a few, wealthy, white families" was interrupted by the election of the first nationalist leaders, Harmodio Arias, who came from a lower-class mestizo family and was elected president in 1932, and his brother, Arnulfo Arias, who succeeded him in 1940. Arnulfo Arias was, however, not only a nationalist but also a white supremacist and pro-Axis. He was deposed by the National Police in late 1941.

Constitutional rule was restored in 1946. In 1948, Arnulfo Arias' apparent victory in the 1948 presidential election was nullif

    Some topics in this essay  
    War II | President Arias | Sra Moscoso | Europa Yearbook | Black Flores | National Assembly | Guillermo Ford | Hope God | Panama Canal | Endara American | national guard | black flores | national assembly | panama canal | elected president | endara government | electoral fraud | de gruber | canal treaty | arnulfo arias | panama canal treaty | results 1994 election | de la espriella | support national guard | americans installed power |  
    Get Better Grades!  
    Saved Papers  
    Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!  
"This site rocks! I got an A thanks to you helping with my writers block."
Sara B.
"I was in a real bind and your site helped me to come up with ideas for my paper."
Brian T.
"It's nice to be able to find information so quickly and easily."
Jillian T.
"I enjoy reading other writers papers to get their perspective on things. It makes writing my own paper so much easier."
Cindy A.
"I've used this site for 2 semesters and I'll be back next year for sure!"
Liz R.
Copyright © 1999 - 2014 CollegeTermPapers.com. All Rights Reserved. DMCA