However, the time sheet data is "raw" and for it to be of value must be analyzed against a baseline of behavior. In this case, that analysis is partially presented. Since we don't know the size of the group, we can call its members N1, N2 and so on. If we assume that the group has five members, we can also assume that not all five members are late the same amount of time and at the same frequency. What we do need, however, is a baseline determinant. This would mean that each of the five group members (M-1 through M-5) would be analyzed in terms of their actual arrivals. We also know from the case that one of the leaders of the group tends to spend a lot of time getting the group into trouble.
One way to determine a benchmark behavior would be to study more carefully the behavior of that person, which we can call N-? since we don't know who he or she is. We could achieve this by having a meeting with the group and discussing the arrival problem, and establishing the exact starting time when work begins. If everyone is coming in, on the average, 10 minutes late, there should be an arrival time worked in.
C) Functional Analysis of the Behavior
A functional analysis of the behavior is done by measuring the antecedents (what came before) with the consequences (what came after) concerning the behavior modification.
Sometimes called "operant conditioning," the function