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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND IMPACT ON STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Organizational managers, thus, must be prepared to anticipate such changes and devise strategies to effectively manage such changes, as opposed to waiting around to react to changes when they occur (Norsworthy & Malmquist, 2000).

An important development in the evolution of information technology was the creation of the Internet. The Internet, however, is just the latest development in the long continuum of information technology development (Tarr, 2000).

Gromov (1997) traced the development of the Internet through a broader consideration of the development of information technology than the high-tech developments of the past two decades. Gromov (1997) dealt not only with the actual development of the Internet and the World Wide Web (WWW), but also discussed the developments in areas beyond the field of communications that provided the motivations for the development of technological advances in IT.

The earliest electronic communications established links between North America and Europe. These links include undersea telephone cables, in the nineteenth century, followed by the Advanced Research Project Agency net (ARAPNET), and the concept of a global information infrastructure in the twentieth century (Gromov, 1997).

The development of the Internet occurred within the context of the CERN project. Following the initial development of the Internet, there was the development of the technology that enabled the development of the WWW facet of the Internet (Gromov, 1997).

The development and refinement of hypertext provided the basis for Web communications. The applications of hypertext in Web applications made the WWW useful (Gromov, 1997).

The development of the Xanadu system provided a means for the network sale of documents that provides royalties on a by byte basis. This system, should it become widely accepted, could change the face of publishing around the globe (Gromov, 1997).

Viewing the development of the I...

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND IMPACT ON STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 13:01, December 20, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303773261.html
 
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