á1985-1990 1990-1995 1995-2000 2000-2005 2005-2010 2010-2015 2015-2020 2020-2025
70.1á 71.1á 72.1á 72.9á 73.8á 74.5á 75.0á 75.5á
Note: For a map of Lisbon go to this URL: http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc3.asp?DOCID=1P1:30475528&num=1&ctrlInfo=Round9c%3AProd%3ASR%3AResult&ao=
In the Western world anyone who tries to ameliorate the conditions of the poor becomes an object of ridicule, political attack, and even assassination. Lula in Brazil, Chavez in Venezuela, and of course Cuba's Castro, and the Nicaraguan Sandinistas are all cases in point. It is said that the ten richest families of Lisbon, related by intermarriage, were the prime beneficiaries of the Salazar dictatorship. But they were no different than the various oligarchies who benefited from Franco, Pinochet, Trujillo, all the other right wing dictatorships that were invariably supported by the United States and most European states throughout the world.
Cities are usually contrasted with the agricultural-based rural areas surrounding them, but one of the peculiarities of Lisbon is that there seem to be far more garden plots and small farms within the greater metropolitan area of Lisbon than in other urban areas û many of them illegal, but officially tolerated for generations.
In other words, while many of the rural poor left the country, others simply moved to the urban-industrial coastal strip to the makeshift shanty towns. The problems of these marginal, illegal communities on the fringes of the great cities of the world like Lisbon are well known: poverty, substandard housing, lack of legal title to the land, poor sanitation, lack of running water and heat, few public services, high crime, drug addiction, prostitution, gang warfare, poor health care û the list goes on and on.