Denton, S. The Bluegrass Conspiracy: An Inside Story of Power, Greed, Drugs and Murder. New York, NY: Avon, 1991.
Chambliss, W. J. Another Lost War: The Costs and Consequences of Prohibition. Social Justice, 22(2), 101-140.
Thus, we can see that the state is most often involved in state organized crime because of contradictory goals, contradictory policies, or polices that actually produce the opposite effect of what they are intended to achieve. Chambliss makes an excellent case for drug decriminalization in his article, Another Lost War. Chambliss argues that decriminalize would have a much better impact on lowering drug consumption that policies aimed at incarcerating drug users, “These data from experiments with the decriminalization of drugs suggest that at the very least, drug consumption would not increase in the U.S. were the government to decriminalize the possession and sale of small amounts of drugs” (104). Often such ineffective policies stem from state involvement in drug trafficking due to illegal activity or conflicting goals.
We have seen how structural contradictions are often responsible for state organized crime in Block and other resources. In Denton’s and Morris’ The Money and the Power, we have seen how the “style of business” of organized criminals is now the modus operandi of many government officials and those who own or helm the largest corporations in American society. In Kenneth Szymkowiak’s Sokaiya: Extortion, Protection, and the Japanese Corporation, we see how such structural contradictions in Japanese corporations have been responsible for corruption and crime as the status quo of corporate policy and behavior. Sokaiya are individuals who use extortion against Japanese corporations. They demand large payoffs in order to keep from exposing corporate secrets and misdeeds. They typically threaten to expose such deeds at stockholder meetings. The Sokaiya have long been a part of the culture of Japan. The Sokaiya have a h