Additionally, as the movement towards feminism increases, other groups, such as the male-oriented labor unions and political organizations and the Church, are feeling their positions threatened (p. 238). Yet, as Safa concludes, important gains are continuing to be made as a result of these women's social movements (p. 238).
What is interesting in a movement like this is the fact that the women were not moved to act on behalf of themselves, but were acting on behalf of their families. According to the article, as low-wage jobs such as domestic service, making garments, and other piecework increases for women, there has been a decrease in employment for men. This makes the wage that the woman earns in a family even more important, even though it is usually much lower than the male's wage. One of the reasons that women mobilized and networked for greater equality in this area is that culturally, taking care of the home is the woman's responsibility. Since these women feel unable to live up to their obligations as wives and mothers, they feel that it is acceptable to protest. In the process of fighting for their families, many of them realized that only in fighting for themselves, or in fighting for "democracy in the home" (p. 238) as well as in the state, will they be able to help give their families a better living.
Another interesting element to the movement is the involvement