Magid Igbaria (1999) also pointed out that what is being developed and expanded is a "virtual society," a society that is inherently complex, data- and information-rich, and fraught with numerous uncertainties. Limited research has been conducted to study the myriad issues generated by the virtual society phenomenon, with research tending to be focused on individuals and, to a lesser degree, specific organizations and "users" of the information technologies. Such research, according to Igbaria (1999), is inevitably fragmented and diverse; consequently, identification of the six most significant issues related to IS is difficult at best in the relatively early stages of discipline development.
Griffiths (2000) has suggested that there are at lest three important dimensions of information science which will require integration or "bridge-building" in the future. The first dimension involves the many disciplines that constitute IS, which have been more or less independent of one another, but which are essential to information science. Zwies (2000) agrees with this comment, noting that the very newness of the field has created fragmentation among its internal disciplines and mandated a new understanding of the manifold specialties and subspecialties that together create IS. Griffiths (2000) goes on to point out that there are as many as thirty to forty "disciplines of information"