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The Theories of Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget

However, from this type of work Freud was able to construct a system of psychoanalysis that demonstrates how mental energies could create physical symptoms. Freud began to believe that sexual impulses also greatly affected neurotic patients and began developing his psychosexual stages (oral, anal, etc.) of development in the infant and child. Freud, like Piaget, was greatly criticized for arguing that the years from birth to five are ones in which the adult personality is greatly shaped.

The stages of psychosexual development in Freud are:

Oral Stage (0-1) Mouth Weaning (from breast

Anal Stage (1-3) Anus Toilet training

Phallic (3-6) Genitals Identifying with adult

(masturbating) role models: coping

Latency (6-12) None Expanding social

Genital (Puberty on) Genitals Establishing intimate

(being sexually intimate) relationships; contribu-

Piaget tried to express that children play a much more active and larger role in the shaping of their own development than ever before thought possible. He and his wife brought a wide knowledge of developmental psychology with them to the table when they kept (as Darwin had advised) diaries of their own child...

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The Theories of Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 06:27, December 09, 2016, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303825669.html
 
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