17). Aggregate measures, however, do not reflect the mismatch between the country's energy production mix, and the energy consumption mix required to support its economic and military needs. As a result of the mismatch between the energy production mix and the energy consumption mix in the United States, the country's net energy imports are far greater than the aggregate data indicate would be the case. Thus, rather than importing 16.3 percent of the energy it consumes, the country imports 21.9 percent of the energy it consumes, at a time when there exists no national emergency to cause an escalation in energy demand. An outbreak of hostilities between American and foreign forces, however, could quickly result in a demand escalation.
The energy production/consumption mismatch for the United States is even more serious than is indicated by the country's net energy imports as a proportion of total energy consumption. Petroleum accounts for 42 percent of total American energy consumption (Energy Information Administration, 1992, p. 17). American production of petroleum accounts for less than 50 percent of the country's petroleum consumption (Energy Information Administration, 1992, p. 17). Net petroleum imports, account for 22.2 percent of total American energy consumption, and 97 percent of American energy imports (Energy Information Administration, 1992, p. 17).
American dependency on foreign energy sources is not the only energy-related concern with respect to national security. The energy surplus and deficit characteristics of both the country's friends and its potential enemies are also important. The United States, Canada, and Western Europe have a collective 38.9 percent deficit in total energy production, while the countries of the Former Soviet Union and the Peoples Republic of China have a small surplus--4.9 percent. The strategic areas in the context of energy supply sources are the Middle East, Africa, and Cent...
US American foreign policy on Iraq. (2000, January 01). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 18:51, October 31, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303854026.html