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The Goal of Affirmative Action

Further, opportunities offered "by elementary, middle, and high schools", as well as opportunities for "adolescents to make a healthy transition into young adulthood" must be racially equalized across the social strata (Schorr 31-2). Most challenging, perhaps, is that racial disparities must also be eliminated "in the opportunities that families have to provide their children a good start in life" (Schorr 32). To do these things, all affirmative action schemes must consider starting line opportunities for the sake of finish line outcomes, and must do so aggressively and across the board.

There are many ways of approaching affirmative action, bearing opportunities and outcomes in mind. In Texas, for example, in 1996 a federal court outlawed racial preferences in the higher education system in Hopwood v. Texas (Ewers 48). Many assumed that this decision would spell the end of racial diversity in Texas. The Texas state legislature, in order to avoid this outcome, adopted a "10 percent plan" in which the top 10 percent of each Texas high school's graduating class was guaranteed placement in any Texas state university, regardless of test scores (Ewers 48). In this case, it was argued that traditional affirmative action plans had stopped working. By adopting the 10 percent scheme, it was thought that universities could achieve the objective of affirmative action├╣racial diversity├╣without ostensibly considering race in the admissions process. By many accounts, the plan has worked. Since the Hopwood ruling, the University of Texas system "has seen a 15 percent increase in African-American students and a 10 percent jump in Latinos" (Ewers 49). However, some point out that statewide gains in minority admissions have not occurred at the higher end schools in the state school panoply. That racial diversity has only occurred at the lower tier schools, it is argued, accounts for the exceedingly low minority representation at the gr...

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The Goal of Affirmative Action. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 23:37, August 18, 2017, from
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