oritism shown toward members of these classes compared with poor minorities. However, white-collar crimes are seldom committed by the young or minorities, as are street crimes. As Shover (in Tonry 2000) writes, ˘When compared with street criminals, individuals convicted of white-collar crimes are older and less often members of minority groups÷ (p. 146). Like most crime categories, men makeup a disproportionate percentage of white-collar criminals and their crimes are often more sophisticated and for higher stakes than are those committed by females.
In conclusion, TonryĂs (2000) The Handbook of Crime and Punishment is a comprehensive work that provides an array of information on the criminal justice system and crime in American society. Providing information on all aspects of crime and the criminal justice system, the book is an invaluable reference for anyone in the various fields of criminal justice, rehabilitation, sociology and others. Despite its broad coverage of issues and its at-times profound content, the book is still written in an easy to grasp manner that makes it accessible to experts or those with an interest in crime and punishment.
Essays in the work provide a host of data, insight and information on other topics from prosecution and sentencing to trends in juvenile court. The juvenile justice system had undergone transformation over the past few decades due to outrage from the public at the increasing number of crimes committed by juveniles that are also heightened in severity. In the past there was more of a tendency toward rehabilitation than prison time, but many juveniles in contemporary society are given harsher sentences and prison time. This shows how public perception helps transform or evolve the