Until recently, a man could obtain a divorce automatically while paying a nominal amount of alimony ("Our Veils" 27). Even with the relative liberalization of divorce laws, women still have virtually no rights. The father automatically gets legal custody of male children after the age of two and female children after the age of seven. If a woman remarries before her children reach these respective ages, custody reverts to the father. Abused women cannot divorce their husbands because the subject of spousal abuse is not covered in Iranian civil law: "Survivors of domestic violence have no recourse in the courts, and no support for leaving a violent husband" ("Status" 67).
Women have little hope of achieving economic independence because of the unequal status of education in Iran. Although urban women are allowed to attend universities, their rural counterparts are not as fortunate: "In 1992, the UN reported that 89% of rural Iranian women are illiterate" ("Status" 67). The sexes are separate in educational institutions and a dearth of female teachers has meant overcrowding in many schools for women and girls.
Sexual segregation in public places is the norm in Iran. Men and women sit in separate sections on buses. Some buildings have separate entrances for women and men. The sexes worship in separate sections at mosques. Women can only engage in sports when their activities will not be viewed by men. Sexual segregation severely limits employment opportunities for women.
Women are only allowed to work in Iran under certain conditions. As mentioned above, female teachers are employed in sexually segregated schools. Married women can work as long as their husbands give written permission. A greater number of Iranian women are employed at present, more from economic necessity than by any liberalization of laws: "the economic crisis in Iran has prompted many women to find employment outside the home" (Lindsey ...
Unequally Treated Women in Iran. (2000, January 01). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 19:33, March 02, 2015, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303877707.html